BBC NEWS | Health | Dummies ‘reduce cot death risk’

BBC NEWS | Health | Dummies ‘reduce cot death risk’

It’s from the BBC, and the ‘divided by a common language’ rule applies: dummy=pacifier, and cot=crib.
original clipart from systemaxonline.com

Giving a baby a dummy when they go to sleep may reduce their risk of cot death by 90%, a US study says.
It compared 185 cases of sudden infant death syndrome with 312 healthy babies and adjusted for known risk factors.

The British Medical Journal study found the benefit was greatest for children sleeping in an ‘adverse’ environment.

It said dummies may help stop babies from cutting off their air supply. UK experts welcomed the research, but stressed it was a small study.

Cot death rates have fallen in recent years, but it still claims the lives of 300 babies aged under a year old in the UK every year.

The researchers, from healthcare provider Kaiser Permanente, say that approximately one in 2,000 babies die of cot death in California.

But, if all babies used a dummy, they calculate the risk would be one in 20,000.

They say the key may be the fact that dummies usually have a bulky external handle. This may help to prevent a child from cutting off its air supply by burying its face into soft bedding, or an overlaying object such as a blanket.

Writing the BMJ, they also say sucking on a dummy may enhance the development of pathways in the brain that control how airways in the upper respiratory system work.

Previous research has also suggested the use of dummies can cut the risk of cot death – but not to the same extent.

And, a recapitulation of advice to avoid crib death already out there:

HOW TO REDUCE COT DEATH RISK
Put your baby to sleep on its back
Do not expose your child to smoke
Keep your baby cool, with its head uncovered
Parents should not share a bed with their baby if they are very tired, smoke or have been drinking or taking drugs which make you drowsy. But the baby should be in a cot in the same room for at least the first six months
The adverse conditions included babies sleeping in a house where both parents smoked.

I like “dummy” over “pacifier”, by the way.

Southwest 1248

I was on the way to work last night when I heard about the Southwest Airlines accident in Chicago, which has resulted in the death of a 6 y/o child in a vehicle, and several other injured folks in other cars. There were no serious injuries on the airplane.

Walking past patient rooms last night I caught a few more details, that the airplane went off the end of a runway that doesn’t have a lot of runoff room. How little runoff room?

Courtesy of Google Maps, here’s an overhead of the airport (click for larger):

Now, that's a tight airport

The accident aircraft came to rest in the intersection on the upper left of the airport.

My personal reference for an in-tight airport is Dallas Love Field (Southwest Airlines HQ), and by comparison it’s out in the Texas plains (click for larger):

Dallas Love

It’ll be interesting to see what the ultimate outcome of the NTSB investigation is, and those usually take a year to be concluded.

Prayers to those injured and their families.